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Hyperopia occurs when your eyeball is shorter than normal, or your cornea isn’t curved enough. This means that the shape of your eye doesn’t bend light correctly and causes the incoming light rays to focus images behind the retina instead of directly on it. This irregularity, or error in focusing, is what makes your close-up vision blurry.

Hyperopia, which literally means ‘beyond the eye’, is the medical name for farsightedness. It’s a common vision condition that affects about one in four people.


Hyperopia symptoms vary from one person to another. For most people these are the most common signs of farsightedness:

  • • Difficulty focusing on close-up objects.
  • • Aching eyes or a burning feeling around the eyes.
  • • Eyestrain, squinting, or closing of eyelids to see clearly.
  • • Headaches while reading, writing, or after close work.
A woman's eye.
Father and daughter playing the guitar.


Your doctor may prescribe any of these things to help correct your hyperopia symptoms:

  • • Single vision eyeglasses
  • • Contact lenses
  • • Progressive or multifocal lenses (give you near and far vision power in one lens)
  • • Refractive surgery

These all work the same way to correct your vision by moving the image from behind the retina to on the retina where it’s supposed to be. Make sure to talk to your doctor about your lifestyle needs to find the right choice.

Farsightedness usually gets worse as you get older, so make sure to keep up with your eye exams. And while the symptoms may be similar to age-related presbyopia, hyperopia isn’t ever caused by aging. If you’re noticing headaches, tired eyes, and difficulty concentrating while wearing your eyeglasses or contact lenses, it may be time for a new prescription.