Figuring out what your baby needs is part of being a parent. When it's about baby's vision, you want to be sure their eyes are growing and developing the way they should. How do you know if their vision is clear or whether they will need glasses before they're even old enough to read? This guide can help answer your questions about your baby's eyesight development through the first year of life.
Until they’re 2 months old, a newborn's eyesight isn’t well coordinated and their focus is limited to about eight or ten inches away—about the distance between a baby and its parent’s face. At 3 months, a baby will begin to track moving objects and reach for them.
WHAT YOU CAN DO TO PREVENT EYE PROBLEMS IN BABIES
• Alternate sides when feeding to let your baby see different views.
• Hang reach & touch toys above crib to encourage early eye-hand coordination.
• Talk to your baby as you walk around the room to help him or her develop spatial tracking.
Baby’s first eye exam should be at 6 months to make sure his or her eyes are aligned and working together. At this age, babies should have the same focusing ability, color recognition, and depth perception as adults. The eye doctor will look for signs of anything out of the ordinary and use simple tests to see how pupils react to light, and if the eyes can follow an object.
Around this age, most babies begin using their eyes and hands together. It’s a giant developmental step that helps them master pulling themselves up, reaching out for something, or grasping a toy between a thumb and index finger.
NEWBORN VISION DEVELOPMENT TIPS
• Play peek-a-boo to help improve their visual memory.
• Do show & tell to help him or her build word association.
• Encourage crawling to help your baby learn visual tracking.
Call a doctor if your baby shows any of these various symptoms: • Excessive tearing—could be blocked tear ducts. • Red or encrusted eye lids—may be a sign of infection. • Constant eye turning—could be a problem with eye muscle control. • Extreme sensitivity to light—may signal elevated eye pressure. • White pupil—may be a sign of eye cancer.
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